Poetry…Where do I begin?

A cat,

Sat on a mat,

He heard a rat-a-tat-tat…

Writing creatively can be inspiring, a release and downright terrifying!!

Do you remember the first time your teacher asked you to write a poem? I do, palms sweating, throat thickening, so overcome by nerves and anxiety that staring at a blank piece of paper seemed to be all that was happening. ‘What ifs’ running round and round my head – ‘What if’ I can’t think of the right word? ‘What if’ it doesn’t make sense? And worst of all, ‘What if’ it’s rubbish?!

I find writing poetry fascinating because it offers a glimpse like no other into a person’s inner soul. On the other hand, that’s exactly what makes it so scary.

‘What if’ I wear my wear my heart on my sleeve? I let strangers and, worse yet, people I know uncover my inner thoughts on life, on my perception of the world and – God forbid –on love.

And ‘what if’ I can’t think of any ideas? It’s one thing writing when I’m inspired, but writing on demand is a whole other matter! ‘What if’ I haven’t seen a butterfly with wings that resemble Joseph’s techni-coloured dreamcoat and my boyfriend hasn’t torn my heart in two, or overwhelmed me with romantic gestures? Without a stimulus where do I begin?

I might just about manage to find a theme, but then what on earth should be happening in the lines? Did someone forget to teach poets the rules of grammar? Why do some lines stop at the end while others trail on and others finish with the introduction of a new subject?! My head is spinning and all the while the page remains blank.

Poetry is a story

that is so good, 

it doesn’t need

complete sentences. 

 So here’s a little guide, a ‘how to’ if you will, to help you get started on writing poetry.

First of all, don’t panic. Unless you can articulate this feeling in a figurative way then it is of little use and will only hinder your creativity. Second, don’t worry about the language. Once you find the stimulus the words will naturally come. So, where to begin?

  1. You could start with an image from the natural world: flowers, clouds, muddy puddles….
  2. Something from the built environment: a house, a place of study, a dry cleaners, a chip shop…
  3. Something from the news: a headline, something that evokes an emotion from you…
  4. A person: someone you love, hate, who inspires you, motivates you, irritates you…
  5. A regular habit: tutting, sighing, tapping a pen…

You could start by writing down one of these points, a few of these points, or even all five of them and then leave them for a little while. Let the thoughts unconsciously stew over in your mind and come back to play around with them later. See what inspires you, what fits and what can be cut out or changed.

Another brilliant tip is to take a poem you already know and use the structure but change the language so that each word is replaced with another. The result will be a poem with the same format as the original but with a completely different theme – as such, a completely different poem. This technique is a great place to start as it gives you a feel for a poem’s structure without being too overwhelming (although if you’re using it for your studies, always be sure to reference the original poem and credit the author to avoid being accused of plagiarism). Then, as you get to grips with a wider variety of formats, you will find it easier to instinctively construct your own stanzas.

When it comes to poetry writing, practice really does make perfect so just…


 And remember, it doesn’t HAVE to rhyme.

…Coming from the flat,

Suddenly out flew a bat,

Called Matt.

A visit from Professor Crystal


by D. Otway

Wednesday 12th February 2014. The day I met a celebrity. No, I don’t mean Beyoncé – she’s far too busy shaking her behind on TV to come and visit us folk down at the University of Kent. However, I did meet the next best thing: Professor David Crystal.

Yes, Crystal, that linguist famous for books such as Words, Words, Words, The Fight for English and English as a Global Language along with many others.  He’s also got quite a reputation for his beard, which makes him look (at least in my books) like a wonderful cross between Jesus and Santa.  So when he came to visit our humble campus on 12th February to give a lecture titled ‘Language and the Internet’, Christmas had definitely come early.

On the day, keen linguistics students pour into Grimond lecture theatre. I sit near the front, pen and paper at the ready to scribble down all of the wise man’s words and knowledge in the hope that some of it will rub off on me.  Come one o’clock he gets out of his seat and approaches the front of the room. He turns and begins, “So language and the internet. Very new topic, only really developed in the past 10 years. But how can you study something that changes so quickly?” Hang on, I think. Where’s his PowerPoint?  Where are his prompts?  His YouTube videos that help to explain things for him? Then I realise, this guy isn’t the top dog of linguistics for nothing. This man is a pro.

Normally I have the attention span of a goldfish, but with Crystal, I take in and enjoy everything he has to say. In the hour he has he covers topics such as ‘the emergence of texting and why it isn’t destroying the English language’, ‘language usage in the world of social media (e.g. Twitter)’ and ‘the differences between the internet and traditional spoken and written communication’. Each topic is given with such enthusiasm, and the occasional joke always goes down well. “How many of you have Twitter?” *Half the room raises their hands*. “How many of you have Facebook?” *Whole room raises their hands*. “Why am I not surprised?” he laughs aloud.

The hour passes more quickly than I would have liked, but Crystal isn’t done yet.  Question time is next and as I rattle my brain for a great question, my fellow students present theirs.  Crystal takes genuine interest in the students’ questions, refraining from brief replies and engaging with all queries posed to him.

Then comes the bit we’re all secretly waiting for. Book signings. “I wonder how many of you are going to stick these on Ebay later?” he says as he gets himself set up.  As hordes of students flock to the table with Crystal’s books available to purchase, I head over to the line of dedicated fans who already own some of his work. After a long wait, I get my 30 second chat with him and leave the room happily with my own personal signed book, which is now sitting proudly on my bookshelf.

To people outside the field of linguistics, meeting David Crystal might not seem all that amazing. But to me, it’s definitely been the highlight of my time so far at Kent. Please, come back again soon David?

Double Negative Positive

An MIT Linguistics professor was lecturing his class.

“In English,” he said, “a double negative forms a positive. However, in some languages, such as Russian, a double negative remains a negative. There isn’t a single language, not one, in which a double positive can express a negative.”

A voice from the back of the room piped up, “Yeah, right.”

Why language?

In the same way that people can be fascinated by bugs, films or the weather, some people are naturally fascinated by language. I happen to be one of them. If I see a word I don’t know, I have to look it up. If a spelling seems bizarre, I need to know the reason for it. And spoken language is just as intriguing – accents, dialects, sarcasm, humour. Far too often I find myself missing parts of conversations because I’m analysing rather than taking words in. It may sound sad, but there we go.  

Lots of people will claim that they have little or no interest in language – they just don’t care. Yes, it does a job. Yes, it serves a purpose. But do they feel the need to know why somebody can be ‘inept’ and not ‘ept’? Why the plural of ‘goose’ is ‘geese’ but the plural of ‘moose’ isn’t ‘meese’? Nope. Not in the slightest.

The thing is, not caring about random snippets of language trivia is not the same thing as not caring about language altogether. In fact, the wonderful thing about language is that everybody does care. They just don’t always realise it.

Many years ago now, I remember sitting in an IT lesson at school both immensely bored and immensely hungry. I turned to my friend next to me and made some casual remark about craving a fruit scone. My friend looked at me, bewildered. ‘Don’t you mean a ‘scone’?’. To clarify, my ‘scone’ rhymed with ‘gone’ and ‘shone’ whilst my friend’s ‘scone’ rhymed with ‘stone’ and ‘bone’. Naturally, we abandoned our IT tasks to address the more pressing matter of who was right. With the words above supporting our cases, the debate soon engaged the whole class. Everybody had a view. And everybody was adamant that their view – and only their view – was right. By the end of the lesson nothing had been resolved, nobody had been swayed and we had one very frustrated teacher (who was, incidentally, on my side).

My point? People do care about language. Whether they realise it or are prepared to openly admit it is another matter. But with a little nudge, people will get really quite fired up. Why? It’s simple. Language is a part of our identity. The way we use it is a part of who we are and it’s personal to each and every one of us. We can’t help but care about it and that is what gives language the clear edge.

PS. Still in doubt? Try slipping scones into your next conversation. Just don’t blame me if things get ugly.



Welcome to The Definite Article! This is a student-run blog brought to you from the ELL students of the University of Kent.

Don’t panic. You don’t have to be linguistic-y or sleep with a dictionary under your pillow to enjoy this blog. The Definite Article is simply a platform for students to express their ideas about language and what interests them about language day-to-day, as well as a place to share articles and features.

Expect to see a broad range of content here in the near future and hopefully a few of you will write for us too!

Get involved using the links below:



Contact us: thedefinitearticle.kent@gmail.com