Dr Peter Buš to present at eCAADe SIGraDi 2019

Dr Peter Buš will be presenting his recent paper titled, ‘Large-scale prototyping utilising technologies and participation: On-demand and crowd-driven urban scenarios’ at the next eCAADe SIGraDi 2019 taking place in Porto with the theme of ‘Architecture in the age of the 4th industrial revolution’.

Dr Buš’ paper theorises and elaborates the idea of crowd-driven assemblies for flexible and adaptive constructions utilising automatic technologies and participatory activities within the context of 21st century cities. As economic and technological movements and shifts in society and cultures are present and ongoing, the building technology needs to incorporate human inputs following the aspects of customisation to build adaptive architectural and urban scenarios based on immediate decisions made according to local conditions or specific spatial demands. In particular, the paper focuses on large-scale prototyping for urban applications along with on-site interactions between humans and automatic building technologies to create on-demand spatial scenarios.

It discusses the current precedents in research and practice and speculates future directions to be taken in creation, development or customisation of contemporary and future cities based on participatory and crowd-driven building activities. As such, the main aim of this theoretical overview is to offer a more comprehensive understanding of the relations between technology and humans in the context of reactive and responsive built environments.

Architectural Review Panel feature at KSA’s Writing Buildings Conference

Leading architectural writers at the Architectural Review panel at KSA’s Writing Buildings conference last night from left to right: Catherine Slessor, Oliver Wainwright, Shumi Bose, Rob Wilson and chair Tom Wilkinson.

CREAte and School of English present Writing Buildings conference which launches today!

Kent School of Architecture’s research centre CREAte, along with the School of English present the exciting interdisciplinary Writing Buildings Conference which launches today, Thursday 14th July with a keynote address by the writer Iain Sinclair and concluding with a discussion with writer and filmmaker Jonathan Meades. The full details of the programme can be found here. To keep up to date with the conference online, please follow @Kent_Sch_Arch on Twitter!

Writing Buildings 2016: Conference Registration now open!

CREAte and The School of English have opened registration for our exciting interdisciplinary conference Writing Buildings, launched on Thursday 14th July with a keynote address by the writer Iain Sinclair, and concluding with a discussion with writer and filmmaker Jonathan Meades. See our website for details of the programme and to register.

A reflection on the Passivhaus Project Conference held at Kent on the 27th June 2014

On 27 June 2014 a one day conference was held at the Bulb Innovation Centre at the University of Kent, exploring how the Passivhaus, an energy efficiency standard for buildings originating in Germany, has been adopted in the UK. The event, which was fully booked, was organised by the project coordinator, Dr. Henrik Schoenefeldt, in collaboration with Emma Lansdell of the EU-funded Environmental Innovation Network at Kent Innovation and Enterprise. The aim of the conference was to disseminate the findings of the research project ‘Interrogating the technical, economic and cultural challenges of delivering the PassivHaus standard in the UK’ and to engage professionals and academics in a series of cross-disciplinary discussions about the challenges and potential strategies for adopting the Passivhaus standard within the UK. The attendees comprises largely of practitioners from London and the South-East, but also included some of the industry partners that have been involved in the research project continuously over the past twelve months. The event was designed to present the findings of the research to a wider audience and to engage practitioners and academics directly in a series of discussions about the challenges of introducing the Passivhaus standard within the UK.

The coordinator of the research project, Dr. Henrik Schoenefeldt, gave the opening lecture, which provided an overview of the research project and some of the key areas investigated. The talk also included a reflection on the process of involving a team of students in collaborative research projects and engaging industry partners in the project through a series of workshops and project review sessions. This was an important part of the project, as one of the objectives of the project was to explore how far research projects can be used as a means to establishing collaborations between architecture students, industry, and university-based research. It is part of his effort to establish research and design as two pillars within the sustainability curriculum of the KSA’s MArch programme. Reviewing the process with the external partners,  Dr. Schoenefeldt  found that this model had worked well, but also that it required extensive coordination. The project enabled students, among others, to become familiar with different research methodologies to a high standard, giving research presentations and with producing a peer-reviewed research output in the form of an eBook etc. The involvement of practitioners was found to be particular fruitful  is allowed the research team to develop the type multi-disciplinary perspective that was required to fully understand process by which project teams had adapted in order to successfully implement the PassivHaus standard.

Professor Gordana Fontana-Guisti  from the Kent School of Architecture giving the welcome speech (left) and Adam Nightingale presenting a case study on the Rural Regeneration Centre at Hadlow College, Kent.

Over the course of the day, the team of students who have been involved in the project for twelve months, presented ten case studies in three thematic panels, (1) new housing, (2) retrofit and (3) educational buildings. Each panel was followed by chaired discussions, exploring the significance of some of key findings of these case studies. The case study presentations were followed with great interest and led to a series of interesting discussions concerning the application of Passivhaus principles to new and existing housing as well as educational buildings.

The case-study presentations given by the research students. Starting at the top left: Rosie Seaman (Grove Cottage), Thomas Hayward (100 Princedale Road), Tim Waterson (Camden), Sam Ashdown (Denby Dale), Katarzyna Kwiatek (Disability Essex) and Sam Fleming (Montgomery School)

Philip Proffit from Princedale Housing was the first guest speaker. He gave a talk about the wider economic and cultural barriers from an industry perspective, drawing on his experience with Passivhaus in the UK and Belgium. His focus was on some of the overarching issues, many of which had been encountered in the case studies. Some of the key problems Philip highlighted were (1) a lack of understanding of the Passivhaus standard among architects and the wider public
(2) negative prejudices towards Passivhaus, e.g. airtight boxes in which windows cannot be opened (3) an overly risk conscious and conservative construction industry (housing), reluctant to adopt or develop new methods of construction and the absence of (4) a mature supply chain of compliant components within the UK. He also stressed that architects are required to communicate  the advantages of Passivhaus more effectively, including energy efficiency, ‘comfortably warm and draft-free’ interiors, and  ‘fresh’ indoor atmosphere. The later provided particular benefits to people with asthma. In the second part of his talk he talked about some of the techno-economic barriers in the UK. Criticizing the reluctance of the UK building industry, in particular in the housing sector, to adopt new methods of construction, Philip argued that timber-based construction systems, prefabricated in factories, provide a means to deliver the required standards in a more cost-effective way. Through a series of Belgium and Dutch examples, he showed how these systems provide a means to adapting the PassivHaus standard for a mass market, including the volume house sector or large scale commercial office buildings. He showed that timber-based system are versatile, as they cannot only used in large- and small-scale project, but also for retrofit existing structures.

First guest lecture by Philip Proffit, Princedale Housing, exploring some of the broader techno-economic challenges of low-energy design.

He stressed that the UK are gradually moving towards a fabric first approach, but too slowly.  He stressed that there was a misconception that it would be cheaper to deliver lower fabric efficiency standards, but in reality, he argued, poorer standards can make buildings more complicated and expensive, largely due to the cost for additional backup heating systems required. If a space heating demand of 15 KWh per square meter or less is achieved, research at the PassivHaus Institut has shown, a conventional heating system is no longer required to maintain comfortable conditions. In his talk he included many references to the city of Brussels, where the PassivHaus was made the mandatory energy standard, giving a boost to investment into technical innovation and employment within the Belgium construction industry. This, he highlighted, illustrated the potential role of regulation can play in driving the UK towards significant increases in energy efficiency or investment into deep retrofit measures in the UK. In the discussions following in the afternoon various attendees argued that setting clear mandatory performance standards will be a positive step forward, even if the standard is high, as it would provide the industry with a clear set of benchmark to which it can comply.

The second Keynote lecture was given by Derrie O’Sullivan from Huddersfield, who had experience with PassivHaus in practice as well as education. In his own project he explored how the Passivhaus standard buildings can be achieved using traditional craft skills and methods of masonry construction. Derrie advocated the idea of Passivhaus embracing craft traditions, which contrasted with Proffit’s more industrial approach to building production. Referring to his experience with studio teaching at the University of Huddersfield, he also discussed some of the difficulties with introducing Passivhaus and low-energy design principles into the traditional design studio of architectural schools. One of the problems, he noted, was the lack of appreciation in architecture schools for the type of technical rigor underlying the design of low-energy buildings among design critics or studio tutors, who would evaluate student work on different criteria that are used in architecture school in the assessment of design projects. Taking the attendees through various architectural projects in Germany, he illustrated the variety of ‘architectural forms’ PassivHaus standard buildings can or could take. In the case of the latter, he referred to the Peter Zumthor’s Kolumba Diocesan Museum in Cologne, which was not designed to Passivhaus standard, but due its compact form and glazing to wall, could potentially achieve the standard without significant alteration to its architectural form.

Derrie O’Sullivan giving a talk about the Passivhaus in the context of architectural education

The event ended with a final plenary discussion, exploring some of the broader questions raised by the research. One of the big questions that were discussed was whether Passivhaus required a revolutionary or evolutionary approach. Some developments followed the premise that the delivery of low carbon buildings require a fundamental change in technology and the UK construction industry, whilst others explored ways of adapting existing methods. Concluding from this discussion, Paul Mallion from Conker Conservation, stressed that this shows that Passivhaus does not prescribe any particular method of construction. The variety of construction methods used in the case studies covered in the research project illustrated that any mode of construction can be used if the passivhaus principles are rigorously followed. Paul, Philip and Derrie also stressed that it was possible to deliver Passivhaus standard buildings using largely UK skills and suppliers. The current standard of vocational college education in the UK was also seen as a major obstacle, which tend to provide only basic skills and to focus on traditional methods of construction, rather than cover more advanced and modern methods.

It is all about the relationship between the various disciplines involved in the design, implementation and use of the buildings, not only those involved in the design development but also in the construction and use of buildings. Referring to the findings of the research project and his experience with practice in Austria and Germany, Dr. Schoenefeldt argued that establishing stronger links between the education of the ‘designers’ and ‘makers’ of buildings would be an important step towards exploiting the full potential of cross-disciplinary project teams. Various attendees of the conference noted that establishing good project teams is hard work and that maintaining these teams after the completion of a project would allow them not only to delivery projects more effectively but also to further develop their knowledge base and body of practical experience. The latter is particular important in the context of low energy design, where new modes of practices have to developed involving all parties involved. The problem in the UK is that teams tend to be  broke up after each project, despite previous efforts to build a team with the necessary knowledge, experience and skills. All of the projects made apparent the importance of learning from mistakes and openly sharing experience within the wider industry, including the exchange of technical knowledge, solutions adopted in different projects, and the practical insights gained through real-life projects. This, however, was found to requires a major culture shift as practice, being concerned about their reputation and with maintaining a competitive advantage over other practices, tend to be resistant to openly share their knowledge. This illuminated that the UK built environment, if it is to overcome the various challenges with delivering zero-carbon buildings, needs to reengage with the role of collaboration and competition in innovation.

The final discussion panel.

Dr. Henrik Schoenefeldt, 2 July 2014

Riverine Conference 2014

The Riverine conference, organised by Prof. Gerald Adler and Dr Manolo Guerci from the 26th to the 29th of June at the Kent School of Architecture, University of Kent, explored the relationship between architecture and rivers at a number of scales, from the geographical, topographical, through the urban, infrastructural, down to that of the individual building or space. It sought to examine the interface between terrain and water through the techniques and cultures of landscape, urban, architectural and material history and design, and through cross cultural studies in art, literature, and social and cultural history. This diverse and multi-disciplinary approach resulted in a lively and most interesting cohort of delegates from all over the world, who commented very positively on the overall outcome of debates.

The conference ended with a guided tour along the course of the River Thames, from its Essex marshland habitat up to its south bank development in London. A book exploring the various strands of the discussion with contributions by the delegates will now be put together by the organisers, and will be published in due course by Routledge.

Riverine 2014 – Call for Papers

The conference will explore the relationship between architecture and rivers at a number of scales, from the geographical, topographical, through the urban, infrastructural, down to that of the individual building or space. It seeks to examine the interface between terrain and water through the techniques and cultures of landscape, urban, architectural and material history and design, and through cross-cultural studies in art, literature, and social and cultural history.

The conference is deliberately wide-ranging, and seeks contributions from scholars and practitioners with specific interests in the architecture of the river, in its widest sense. We welcome contributions dealing with rivers and architecture from contemporary designers.
The conference organisers are
Dr. Gerald Adler G.Adler@kent.ac.uk
Dr. Manolo Guerci M.Guerci@kent.ac.uk

It is our intention to explore riverine architecture through four distinct strands, and we ask that you submit your abstract in one of the following categories:
1 individual buildings and their relationship with water
2 urban ensembles
3 historical and theoretical viewpoints
4 wider topographical approaches ranging from cities to landscapes.
You should submit an abstract not exceeding 500 words in length outlining the theme of your paper.
The paper should be anonymous, i.e. it should not indicate your name
or provenance.
It should be submitted as a pdf file, and saved as follows: surname-title-riverine.pdf (e.g. adler-venice-riverine.pdf)
It should be emailed to

Submission by 12.00 Fri 25th October, ‘13
Confirmation of Acceptance Fri 15h November, ‘13

It is the intention of CREAte to publish a scholarly book based on selected contributions to the conference

The conference is hosted by CREAte
The Centre for Research in European Architecture
KSA_ Kent School of Architecture
University of Kent, Canterbury Kent CT2 7NR, UK

Artscapes: Call for papers

Artscapes: Urban Art and the Public – An Interdisciplinary Conference on Art and Urban Spaces.

Kent School of Architecture is to collaborate with the School of Art and the School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research to host the Artscapes Conference 27-28 June 2013.

Organised by Carolina Vasilikou (PhD Candidate, School of Architecture), Manila Castoro (PhD Candidate, School of Arts) and Jonathan Ward (PhD Candidate, SSPSSR), the conference will look at the importance of Urban Spaces for social and cultural contact and the profound effect they have on everyday interactions. This interdisciplinary conference seeks to critically examine the relationship between art and urban places, questioning in what ways urban art can engage with, create and change public spaces.

A call for papers has been issued with a deadline of 31 March 2013.

Papers are invited on such topics as:

  • architecture and art
  • art and urban policy
  • city culture and urban transformation
  • community interaction and architecture
  • digital re-enaction of physical interventions
  • film and the city
  • forms of urban art
  • negotiating public spaces
  • politics of urban art
  • street art and political engagement
  • the street and its aesthetics
  • urban performance and social protest
  • urban photography

Further information can be found at http://artscapes.comyr.com/
or by emailing artscapesgroup@gmail.com.