Workshop Social mechanisms and social explanations 8 May, Rotterdam
Brendan Clarke, Donald Gillies, Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo, Jon Williamson Mechanisms and the Evidence Hierarchy Evidence-based medicine (EBM) makes use of explicit procedures for grading evidence for causal claims. Normally, these procedures categorise evidence of correlation produced by statistical trials as better evidence for a causal claim than evidence of mechanisms produced by other methods. We argue, in contrast, …View full post
http://www.socphilinfo.org/ Following a 10-year period of formal and informal collaboration between several researchers, the establishment of the Society for the Philosophy of Information (SPI, ) inaugurates the next phase in the development of the philosophy of information as an independent and self-sustained philosophical field. The Society was founded during the fourth workshop on the philosophy …View full post
UK Arts and Humanities Research Council project 2012
Brendan Clarke, Donald Gillies, Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo, Jon Williamson
Evidence-based medicine is a relatively recent technique for supporting clinical decisions by the ‘conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence’ (Sackett et al. 1996. BMJ. 312: 71). This ‘best evidence’ usually has a very specific meaning: the best evidence available to support decision-making in medicine is that arising from clinical trials, where treatments are tested on large numbers of patients. On the other hand, evidence of mechanisms – usually characterized as knowledge gained from experimental investigations in the laboratory – is held to be of low quality by the EBM practitioner.
However, recent work in the philosophy of causality has suggested that this hierarchical interpretation of evidence is problematic, while even within medicine there is interest in evidence that can complement evidence gained in clinical trials.
Decisions about treatment make a difference to the health of individuals. Therefore it is of utmost importance to develop a concept of evidence that maximizes the available sources of evidence (trials, results of lab experiments) and minimizes the risks of errors in various medical decisions.
In this project, we aim to investigate the relationship between evidence-based medicine, evidence of mechanisms, and causality from a number of different theoretical and practical perspectives including philosophy of causality, philosophy and history of medicine, and medical practice.
12-13 December. Workshop Magic and Medicine: Conceptions of Causality in Processes of Healing. ZiF, Bielefeld, Germany.
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
L. Casini, P. Illari, F. Russo, J. Williamson