Why British people don’t trust the government any more – and what can be done about it
In a recently published article on The Conversation, Peter Taylor-Gooby and Benjamin Leruth discuss the issue of trust between citizens and government in the United Kingdom. They use data from the Welfare State Futures Our Childrens’ Europe research project which uses innovative democratic forums. Out of the five countries – Denmark, Germany, Norway, Slovenia and UK – involved in the research, mistrust in the government was the most significant in the UK. The discussions on the future of welfare states revealed that the British democratic forum participants were not confident about government’s capacities to deal with the challenges faced by the welfare state. They see the government as wasteful of public money, and believe that public services are unsustainable. As participants expressed the need and firm preference for better childcare services and training opportunities, the authors suggest that social investment in social provisions and putting emphasis on the positive contributions of social services might help to rebuild the trust in government. This will be particularly important as the UK faces the challenge of leaving the European Union.
Oxford Paper: The New Individualism
Peter Taylor-Gooby presented a paper to the ‘The Politics of Austerity in the UK’ Symposium‘, chaired by Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz, at St Cross College Oxford on 4 October. He argued that popular discussion of the welfare state in the UK is characterised by a ‘Reluctant Individualist’ framing. This stresses the incompetence of government, demonstrated by policies that promote mass immigration (seen, counterfactually, as a burden on social provision), divert resources to the workshy on benefits, mismanage state spending and impose high taxes on those who work for their money. The government fails to provide opportunities for those who are prepared to work hard, thus exacerbating inequalities and unfairness. The outcome is that many people see their future life chances as shaped by their own efforts with little welfare state support. This individualism is reluctant: they would prefer a strong and effective welfare state, but think that the government is not capable of providing it. Participants, including John Hills and Jonathan Bradshaw, saw this current of ideas as providing a powerful explanation of the toleration of damaging welfare state cuts that is evident in contemporary politics.
15th Annual ESPAnet Conference 2017 – New Horizons of European Social Policy: Risks, Opportunities and Challenges
WelfSoc members presented a number of papers at the Annual ESPAnet Conference in Lisbon on 14-16 September. Katharina Zimmerman spoke on her work with Jan-Ocko Heuer on conditionality, using data from the focus groups. Heejung Chung discussed findings from her ESRC work along the WelfSoc Democratic Forums on labour market flexibility. Masa Hrast and Tatjana Rakar included a paper on the Democratic Forums in Slovenia. Bjorn Hvinden, Peter Taylor-Gooby and Steffen Mau presented a paper on the implications of the findings for confidence in the capacity of the welfare state to provide services in the future.
The launch of the first WelfSoc book: After Austerity at an evening reception was great success with many people expressing interest in the new ideas about what governments can and can’t be expected to do for their citizens in the future.
The WelfSOC research team is delighted to announce the publication of the book „After Austerity – Welfare State Transformation in Europe after the Great Recession” (Edited by Peter Taylor-Gooby, Benjamin Leruth, and Heejung Chung)
European welfare states are undergoing profound change, driven by globalization, technical changes, and population ageing. More immediately, the aftermath of the Great Recession and unprecedented levels of immigration have imposed additional pressures. This book examines welfare state transformations across a representative range of European countries and at the EU level, and considers likely new directions in social policy. It reviews the dominant neo-liberal austerity response and discusses social investment, fightback, welfare chauvinism, and protectionism.
The class solidarities and cleavages that shaped the development of welfare states are no longer powerful. Tensions surrounding divisions between old and young, women and men, immigrants and denizens, and between the winners in a new, more competitive, world and those who feel left behind are becoming steadily more important. European countries have entered a period of political instability and this is reflected in policy directions. Austerity predominates nearly everywhere, but patterns of social investment, protectionism, neo-Keynesian intervention, and fightback vary between countries. This up-to-date study identifies areas of convergence and difference in European welfare state futures – essential reading to grasp the pace and directions of change.
German WelfSOC team presents findings on attitudes towards immigration and integration
On 22 June 2017, the German WelfSOC team presented their findings at the meeting of the Section of Social Policy in the German Sociological Association (DGS). The event was held under the theme of ‘fears in the welfare state’. In their presentation, the members of the German team, Jan-Ocko Heuer and Steffen Mau focused on fears among the German population regarding immigration and the integration of refugees into the welfare system. Based on data from the WelfSOC democratic forums in Germany, they demonstrated the broad range of worries and concerns within the population. These included worries about economic competition and cultural differences, but also indirect concerns about negative reactions in the population that could strengthen right-wing populism. They also showed how the articulation of fears was shaped by socio-economic characteristics, group composition and the dynamics of discourses. The findings were well received among the audience of academics, policymakers and practitioners.
WelfSOC research presented at the Policy Network ‘Progressive Britain’ conference today
Peter Taylor-Gooby presented his Norface research at the Policy Network ‘Progressive Britain’ conference held on 21 June, to an audience of politicians, journalists and academics. Using material from the Democratic Forums which form the central part of the project, he argued that the challenge for the left is to build trust among older voters as Corbyn has among the young and pointed to some of the policies which might achieve this.
The Ljubljana meeting of our WelfSOC team
The research team met in Ljubljana on June 8 and 9 to talk about work. Our first book After Austerity will be published by Oxford University Press on 11 August 2017. We’re working on the second book, which will discuss our research using innovative Democratic Forums in detail. The work shows how this approach contributes a much more detailed and nuanced picture of welfare state attitudes to that provided by conventional research methods. We also discussed our plans for articles, a special issue of Social Policy and Administration, our papers for the ESPAnet conference in Lisbon in September and other activities. Warm thanks to Maša Filipovič Hrast and Tatjana Rakar for making the meeting such a success.
National conference “The future of the Slovenian welfare state”
The Slovenian WelfSOC research team held a national conference “The future of the Slovenian welfare state” on 24th of May 2017 on the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. The goal of the conference was to disseminate key findings from the project on people’s attitudes toward the welfare state futures and stimulate a discussion on the main concerns of social policy such as inequality and poverty, challenges on the labour market and intergenerational solidarity in Slovenia. Conference began with an opening speech of the Slovenian Minister of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities Anja Kopač Mrak and the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences Rado Bohinc. The main project findings were presented by project leader Maša Filipovič Hrast, which was followed by round table discussions on inequalities and poverty, intergenerational policies and labour market issues. Several known experts, representatives of civil society organisations and high government officials of the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities and Ministry of Health joined the discussion. The conference was attended by academics, policy makers and general public.
The abstracts of the conference presentations were collected and published in electronic format accessible in Slovenian language.
WelfSOC presents new findings and papers in Gothenburg (22-24 February 2017)
The WelfSOC team attended a NORFACE Welfare State Futures workshop in Gothenburg on 22-24 February 2017. More information about this workshop is available on the official NORFACE WSF website – full programme available here.
Professor Peter Taylor-Gooby, Project Leader, presents the WelfSOC project
All research teams have now finalised the preliminary analysis of the democratic forums, which were held in late 2015. The analysis of Focus Groups, held in September/October 2016, is under way. A total of six papers were presented by WelfSOC researchers:
- How do ordinary citizens morally assess ongoing changes of the universal welfare state? An analysis of data from deliberative forums in Denmark – Mathias Herup Nielsen (Aalborg University, Post-Doctoral Researcher)
- Public support for the social rights and social obligations of the unemployed: two sides of the same coin? – Tijs Laenen (Leuven University, Associate Researcher)
- “He is the future of the welfare state: diligent, capable…” – How citizens perceive and justify the relative deservingness of needy groups – Katharina Zimmermann & Jan-Ocko Heuer
- Attitudes towards future policies for the elderly: a comparative analysis of four welfare states – Maša Filipovič Hrast, Bjørn Hvinden, Kjetil Klette Boehler, Tatjana Rakar, Mi Ah Schøyen and Vegard Svagård
- Does political discourse matter? Comparing party manifestos and policy preferences on immigration and welfare in the United Kingdom – Benjamin Leruth
- Democratic Forums: their contribution to attitude research – Peter Taylor-Gooby
WelfSOC mentioned in The Guardian (01 February 2017)
In his most recent opinion piece, Aditya Chakrabortty interviewed Professor Peter Taylor-Gooby about our WelfSOC project. You can read his article here.